Day of the Woman facebook page, here's a base on what it is that makes a good horror film.
ATMOSPHEREWithin five minutes of posing the question on facebook, I was overwhelmed with requests that a good horror film contain "atmosphere". When a horror film rests on the instant gratification of a jump scare, it doesn't allow the audience member to slip themselves into the world of the film. Bertolt Brecht made a name for himself creating performances that were made specifically to distance the audience from what was on stage. While this practice may work for certain art forms, horror films are not one of them. If you want a horror film to truly invade the consciousness of an audience and show its strength through standing hairs and goosebumps, the atmosphere is going to play a pivotal role in the success of creating fear.
One of the main attributes that horror films appear to be omitting is a strong plot. It appears that most horror films are being created with the sole purpose to shock or frighten, and the storyline holding the film together seems to receive the least amount of focus. While a killer, monster, madman, or event can be terrifying, it will be hindered dramatically if there isn't a plot to support the actions. Thanks to M. Night Shyamalan, horror films have also been placing a greater emphasis on developing an impacting ending, rather than a concise vision throughout the entire duration. This is leaving the audience without a feeling of fulfillment and irritation caused by the holes left behind.
ACTORS THAT CAN ACT
As a student finishing up a degree in theatre performance, there is nothing more disappointing than sitting through a horror film and knowing an actor/actress was cast purely on their appearance or their reputation rather than their talent. Horror films are notorious for giving many well known performers their "big break" or their first chance at a feature film, and yet it has only been as of late that we've been seeing more and more people pop up in horror films that shouldn't have ever made it past an audition reel. We've focused so much of our energy into their physical appearance which only works in the realm of one-sheets and promotional material. If you want a successful film, you need talented performers. I hate to say it, but sometimes...people really are just a pretty face.
Underscoring has been proven to either make or break an experience. The sounds of screaming violins and breathing in the darkness have haunted the nightmares of movie goers for as long as sound has been implemented into film. The score of a horror film is one of the most fundamental components of a production and yet one of the most overlooked. Mainstream horror films have seemed to make it their goal to incorporate popular music into their scenes in order to create a more identifiable experience for audience members seeing it directly after the release, but that unfortunately goes out the window once the film is no longer the flavor of the week. There have been far too many instances in which I've watched a mainstream film from the 1990's and was completely thrown off by the music choices. However, the score for a film like Suspiria or Psycho will remain timeless and will continue to frighten audiences regardless of generation.
If I have to be the one to say it, I will. Horror films today are moving far too fast. There's a popular theory that drama moves slowly, comedy moves quickly, and horror movies slowly but finishes quickly. Insert "that's what she said" jokes as you please. We has humans have been forced into this hustle and bustle way of life and our horror films have begun to follow suit. If anything, we need to slow the films down if only to contrast to the way that we function. If we slow the films down, it will help to create an unusual experience for the audience as it will be a way of moving that we aren't used to. Filmmakers are often times unsure on how to pace a film and then the payoff hasn't been worth the ride. You have to pace yourself with everything in this world, (running, relationships, sex, eating) and this includes films.
A BALANCE OF BLOOD AND GORE
For the love of all things holy, can we PLEASE stop making films with gore for gore's sake? Seriously. Just because a filmmaker decides to blow half of the budget on buckets of blood or gets a little trigger happy with CGI, that doesn't mean a good horror film is going to come from it. Eli Roth and the SAW franchise are perfect examples of how concentrating too hard on gore can cause the overall film quality to suffer. Seriously. I'll take a bloodless film over a sixty-five person human centipede any day.
Now, listen to me with care when I say that believability doesn't necessarily mean realistic. Many classic horror films with fantastic (meaning fantasy, not "cool") aspects of the world around that are still able to remain believable are frequently the films that appear to be the most chilling. If an audience member is equipped with the tools to subject themselves to the world of the film, the experience will then become all the more horrifying. If the film isn't believable, the audience member will no longer be able to relate to the situation at hand, and therefore will more than likely find a way to avoid the intended fear.
NOTE: I am in no way all knowing, this is purely opinion based. Feel free to add your suggestions in the comment section of this article